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Brain fog isn't a medical condition itself, but rather a symptom of other medical conditions. It's a type of cognitive dysfunction involving:

• memory problems

• lack of mental clarity

• poor concentration

• inability to focus

Thank you Dr. Axe

Some people also describe it as mental fatigue. Depending on the severity of brain fog, it can interfere with work or school. But it doesn't have to be a permanent fixture in your life.

What are the causes of brain fog?

There are numerous explanations for why brain fog occurs. Once you identify the underlying cause, you can begin fixing the problem. Here are six possible causes.

  1. Stress Chronic stress can increase blood pressure, weaken the immune system, and trigger depression. It can also cause mental fatigue. When your brain is exhausted, it becomes harder to think, reason, and focus.

The effects of stress on the body -»

  1. Lack of sleep Poor sleep quality can also interfere with how well your brain functions. Aim for 8 to 9 hours of sleep per night. Sleeping too little can lead to poor concentration and cloudy thoughts.

Causes and risk factors for insomnia -»

  1. Hormonal changes  Hormonal changes can also trigger brain fog. Levels of the hormones progesterone and estrogen increase during pregnancy. This change can affect memory and cause short-term cognitive impairment.

Similarly, a drop in estrogen level during menopause can cause forgetfulness, poor concentration, and cloudy thinking.

Learn the connection: Memory loss and menopause -»

  1. Diet  Diet can also play a role in brain fog. Vitamin B-12 supports healthy brain function, and a vitamin B-12 deficiency can bring about brain fog.

If you have food allergies or sensitivities, brain fog may develop after eating certain foods. Possible culprits include:

• MSG

• aspartame

• peanuts

• dairy

Removing trigger foods from your diet may improve symptoms.

  1. Medications  If you notice brain fog while taking medication, talk with your doctor. Brain fog may be a known side effect of the drug. Lowering your dosage or switching to another drug may improve your symptoms. Brain fog can also occur after cancer treatments. This is referred to as chemo brain.
  1. Medical conditions  Medical conditions associated with inflammation, fatigue, or changes in blood glucose level can also cause mental fatigue. For example, brain fog is a symptom of chronic fatigue syndrome, which involves persistent fatigue for longer than six months.  People who have fibromyalgia may experience similar fogginess on a daily basis.

Other conditions that may cause brain fog include:

• anemia

• depression

• diabetes

• Sjögren syndrome

• migraines

• Alzheimer's disease

• hypothyroidism

• autoimmune diseases such as lupus, arthritis, and multiple sclerosis

• dehydration

How it's diagnosed

See your doctor if you have persistent lack of clarity that worsens or doesn't improve. A single test can't diagnose brain fog. Brain fog may signal an underlying issue, so your doctor will conduct a physical examination and ask about your:

• mental health

• diet

• level of physical activity

• current medications or supplements

You should let your doctor know about other symptoms you might have. For example, someone with hypothyroidism may have brain fog along with hair loss, dry skin, weight gain, or brittle nails.

Blood work can help your doctor identify the cause of brain fog. A blood test can detect the following:

• abnormal glucose levels

• poor liver, kidney, and thyroid function

• nutritional deficiencies

• infections

• inflammatory diseases 

Based on the results, your doctor will determine whether to investigate further. Other diagnostic tools may include imaging tests to look inside the body, such as X-rays, MRI, or CT scans. The doctor may also conduct allergy testing or a sleep study to check for a sleep disorder.

Keeping a food journal can help you determine if your diet contributes to brain fog.

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How to treat it

Brain fog treatment depends on the cause.

For example, if you're anemic, iron supplements may increase your production of red blood cells and reduce your brain fog. If you're diagnosed with an autoimmune disease, your doctor may recommend a corticosteroid or other medication to reduce inflammation or suppress the immune system.

Sometimes, relieving brain fog is a matter of correcting a nutritional deficiency, switching medications, or improving the quality of your sleep.

Home remedies to improve brain fog include:

• sleeping 8 to 9 hours per night

• managing stress by knowing your limitations and avoiding excessive alcohol and caffeine

• exercising

• strengthening your brain power (try volunteering or solving brain puzzles)

• finding enjoyable activities

• increasing your intake of protein, fruits, vegetables, and healthy fats

What is the outlook for brain fog?

Brain fog can be frustrating, but relief is possible. Don't ignore your symptoms. If left untreated, brain fog can impact the quality of your life. Once the underlying cause is addressed, you mental clarity can improve.

• Brain fog. (n.d.).

• sjogrens.org/files/brochures/brain_fog.pdf

• Brain fog is not normal. (n.d.).

• amenclinics.com/brain-fog-is-not-normal/

• Chemo brain. (2016).

• cancer.org/treatment/treatments-and-side-effects/physical-side-effects/changes-in-mood-or-thinking/chemo-brain.html

• Cognitive changes. (n.d.).

• nationalmssociety.org/Symptoms-Diagnosis/MS-Symptoms/Cognitive-Changes

• Cognitive dysfunction (brain fog). (n.d.).

• mpkb.org/home/symptoms/neurological/cognitive

• Fibro fog. (n.d.).

• arthritis.org/about-arthritis/types/fibromyalgia/articles/fibro-fog.php

• Fuzzy thinking. (2017).

• womeninbalance.org/symptoms-solutions/fuzzy-thinking/

• Mackay M. (2015). Lupus brain fog: A biologic perspective on cognitive impairment, depression, and fatigue in systemic lupus erythematosus. DOI:

• dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12026-015-8716-3

• Ocon AJ. (2013). Caught in the thickness of brain fog: Exploring the cognitive symptoms of chronic fatigue syndrome. DOI:

• 10.3389/fphys.2013.00063

• Smith H. (2017). Five strategies for coping with lupus-associated brain fog.

• health.clevelandclinic.org/2017/04/5-strategies-coping-lupus-associated-brain-fog/

• Why do some people with rheumatoid arthritis experience -- œbrain fog-- ? (n.d.).

• blog.arthritis.org/rheumatoid-arthritis/rheumatoid-arthritis-brain-fog/

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Medically reviewed by Suzanne Falck, MD on June 14, 2017 -- ” Written by Valencia Higuera

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At least 30 million Americans have a thyroid disorder and half-- ”15 million-- ”are silent sufferers who are undiagnosed, according to The American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists. Women are as much as 10 times as likely as men to have a thyroid problem, says integrative medicine specialist Dr. Robin Miller, co-author of The Smart Woman's Guide to MidLife & Beyond.

Located above the Adam's apple, your thyroid produces thyroid hormone (TH), which regulates, among other things, your body's temperature, metabolism, and heartbeat. Things can start to go wrong when your thyroid is under- or over-active. If it's sluggish, it produces too little TH; amped-up and it produces too much. What causes your thyroid to go haywire? It could be genetics, an autoimmune attack, pregnancy, stress, nutritional deficiencies, or toxins in the environment, but experts aren't entirely sure. Because of thyroid hormones far reach in the body-- ”from brain to bowels-- ”diagnosing a disorder can be challenging. Here's how to tell if your thyroid could be on the blink.

You're exhausted  Feeling tired and having no energy are issues associated with lots of conditions, but they're strongly linked with hypothyroidism, the disorder that's the result of too little thyroid hormone. If you're still tired in the morning or all day after a full night's sleep, that's a clue that your thyroid may be underactive. Too little thyroid hormone coursing through your bloodstream and cells means your muscles aren't getting that get-going signal. -- œFatigue is the number one symptom I see,--  says Miller. -- œIt's the kind of fatigue where you're still tired in the morning after a full night's sleep-- ”that's a clue that you're not simply sleep deprived; your thyroid may be underactive.-- 

Feeling unusually depressed or sad can also be a symptom of hypothyroidism. Why? It's thought that the production of too little thyroid hormone can have an impact on levels of "feel good" serotonin in the brain. With an underactive thyroid turning other body systems down to "low," it's not surprising that your mood might sink there, too.

You feel jittery and anxious  Anxiety and "feeling wired" are associated with hyperthyroidism, when the thyroid gland is making too much thyroid hormone. Flooded with consistent "all systems go" messages, your metabolism and whole body may spin into overdrive. If you feel like you just can't relax, your thyroid may be "hyper."

An increased appetite can be a sign of hyperthyroidism when too much thyroid hormone may have you feeling hungry all of the time. The only upside is that the "hyper" part of the disorder typically offsets the caloric impact of an increased appetite so the end result isn't weight gain.

An underactive thyroid, on the other hand, can mess with your sense of taste and smell.

Your brain feels fuzzy

Sure, it could be caused by sleep deprivation or aging, but cognitive functioning can take a hit when your thyroid is out of whack. Too much thyroid hormone (hyperthyroidism) can cause difficulty concentrating and too little (hypothyroidism) may cause forgetfulness and general brain fog. -- œWhen we treat patients for hypothyroidism, they are often surprised at how fast their brain fog goes away and how much sharper they feel,--  Miller says. -- œMany women think it's just something that comes along with menopause when it really is a sign of a thyroid problem.-- 

You've lost your interest in sex

Having little or no desire in the sack could be a side effect of a thyroid disorder. Too little thyroid hormone could be a contributor to a low libido, but the cumulative impact of other hypothyroidism symptoms-- ”weight gain, low energy, and body aches and pains-- ”could also play a part.

Health.com: 12 Secrets to Better Orgasms

You're feeling all fluttery

That fluttery feeling you're having may be heart palpitations. It can feel like your heart is actually fluttering or skipping a beat or two, or beating too hard or too quickly. You may notice these feelings in your chest or at pulse points in your throat or neck. Heart flutters or palpitations can be a sign of too many thyroid hormones flooding your system (hyperthyroidism).

Your skin is dry

Skin that's dry and itchy can be a symptom of hypothyroidism. The change in skin texture and appearance is probably due to slowed metabolism (caused by too little thyroid hormone production), which can reduce sweating. Skin without enough moisture can quickly become dry and flaky. Likewise, nails can become brittle and may develop ridges.

Your bowels are unpredictable

People with hypothyroidism sometimes complain of constipation. The disruption in hormone production has likely caused a slowdown of digestive processes.

-- œThere's just no motility in your gut,--  Miller says. -- œThis is one of the top three most common symptoms of hypothyroidism I see.-- 

On the reverse side of the spectrum, an overactive thyroid gland can cause diarrhea or more frequent bowel movements, which is why they're symptoms of hyperthyroidism.

Your periods have changed

Longer menstrual periods with a heavier flow and more cramps can be a sign of hypothyroidism, where thyroid hormones are in short supply. Periods may be closer together.

With hyperthyroidism, high levels of TH cause menstrual irregularities in a different way. Periods are shorter, farther apart and may be very light. -- œI always ask my patients about their cycles and if they're regular,--  says Miller. She finds a strong link between irregular cycles and thyroid problems. And if periods are extra-heavy, she checks for anemia, too.

You have painful extremities or muscles

Sometimes you stub a toe or work out too hard-- ”that kind of pain can be explained away. But if you have mysterious or sudden tingling or numbness-- ”or actual pain-- ”in your arms, legs, feet, or hands, that could be a sign of hypothyroidism. Over time, producing too little thyroid hormone can damage the nerves that send signals from your brain and spinal cord throughout your body. The result is those "unexplained" tingles and twinges.

You have high blood pressure

Elevated blood pressure can be a symptom of a thyroid disorder. Both hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism have been fingered as culprits. By some estimates, people with hypothyroidism have two to three times the risk of developing hypertension. One theory is that low amounts of thyroid hormone can slow heart beat, which can affect pumping strength and blood vessel wall flexibility. Both may cause a rise in blood pressure.

Health.com: 17 Worst Habits for Your Heart

Your thermostat is on the fritz

Feeling cold or having chills is associated with hypothyroidism. The system slow-down caused by an underactive thyroid means less energy is being burned by cells. Less energy equals less heat.

On the other hand, an overactive thyroid puts energy-producing cells into overdrive. That's why people with hyperthyroidism sometimes feel too warm or sweat profusely.

You're hoarse or your neck feels funny

A change in your voice or a lump in your throat could be a sign of a thyroid disorder. One way to check is to take a good look at your neck to see if you can detect any signs of thyroid swelling. You can do a physical check of your own thyroid at home with these directions from The American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists:

Using a hand mirror, watch your throat as you swallow a drink of water. You're looking for any bulges or protrusions in the thyroid area, which is below your Adam's apple but above your collarbones. You may want to try this several times to get a hang of where your thyroid really is. If you see anything that's lumpy or suspicious, see your doctor.

Your sleep schedule is messed up

Want to sleep all of the time? It could be hypothyroidism. A sluggish thyroid can slow bodily functions down to the point where sleeping (even in the daytime) seems like a brilliant idea.

Can't sleep? It could be hyperthyroidism. An overactive thyroid can cause anxiety and rapid pulse, which can make it hard to fall asleep or even wake you in the middle of the night.

You've gained weight

Going up a few dress sizes can be caused by so many things that it's unlikely your doctor will look at weight gain alone as a potential thyroid disorder symptom. However, weight gain is one of the top reasons women show up in Miller's office for a thyroid checkup. -- œThey'll tell me that they aren't eating any more than usual, but they're gaining weight,--  she says. -- œThey are exercising, but they are getting nowhere. They can't lose it.--  It's almost always due to an underactive thyroid, she says.

On the other end of the scale, a sudden weight loss can signal hyperthyroidism.

Health.com: Lose 8 Pounds in 2 Weeks

Your hair is thinning or falling out

Dry, brittle hair that breaks or falls out can be a sign of hypothyroidism. Too little thyroid hormone disrupts your hair growth cycle and puts too many follicles into "resting" mode, resulting in hair loss-- ”sometimes all over your body including at the outside of your eyebrows. -- œLots of my patients come in and tell me that their hairdresser sent them,--  says Miller. -- œThey'll say, -- ˜My hair stylist said I'm losing my hair and I needed to go ask my doctor about my thyroid.' The hair salons are more aware of thyroid problems than some doctors!-- 

An overactive thyroid can also do a number on your hair. Hair issues due to hyperthyroidism typically show up as thinning hair just on your head.

You have trouble getting pregnant

If you've been trying to have a baby for an extended period of time with no luck, an under- or over-active thyroid could be a contributing factor. Difficulty conceiving has been linked to a higher risk of undiagnosed thyroid problems.

Both hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism can interfere with ovulation, which impairs fertility. Thyroid disorders are also linked to pregnancy complications.

You have high cholesterol

High levels of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol that haven't responded to diet, exercise, or medication have been linked to hypothyroidism. Elevated levels of the "bad" cholesterol can be caused by an underactive thyroid and are cause for concern. Untreated hypothyroidism can lead to heart problems, including an enlarged heart and heart failure.

Get your thyroid tested

If you have one or more of these symptoms and suspect it's your thyroid, see your doctor and ask for a thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) test, Free T3, and Free T4 tests, says Miller. Based on test results, your symptoms, and your physical exam, you may be prescribed synthetic hormones. Testing and treating a thyroid disorder takes a bit of trial-and-error so expect to visit the doctor a few times before the dosage is right.

Push for thyroid treatment

Expect to have to be your own advocate when it comes to your thyroid. Some doctors may be resistant to a thyroid diagnosis, although the American Associated of Clinical Endocrinologists narrowed the TSH range for acceptable thyroid function from 0.5-5.0 to 0.3-3.04 in 2003. That means more women fall into a range that can be treated. -- œFind a doctor who treats the person, not just the lab tests,--  says Miller. -- œIf you're feeling better at a certain dosage-- ”that should carry just as much weight as the lab results.-- 

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rmal functioning of the nervous system, including the brain. People with higher levels of Vitamin B12 seem to have less brain shrinkage as they get older.

Taking Vitamin B12 when you are deficit can be helpful to address memory, mental clarity, overall energy and depressed mood. However, if you are not deficit in Vitamin B12 (a blood test till tell you), it may not be as helpful."

le, instructor of The Elimination Diet

"Vitamin D helps support the creation of new neural connections. The most recent data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2005 to 2006 analyzed the vitamin D levels of 4,495 adults, finding that 41.6 percent were deficient. The number of people suffering from suboptimal and deficient vitamin D in an age where we get outdoors less often is sure to be much higher than that. To make matters worse, national recommendations for vitamin D supplementation grossly underestimate people's requirements. After 10 years of supplementing and checking blood vitamin D levels, I can tell you most adults in a Northern altitude with dark winters, will need about 5,000 IU daily to reach an optimal level of 40 to 70 ng/mL. If you want to preserve your brain health, then you need to start with optimizing your vitamin D levels, usually through a combination of diet, safe sun exposure, and supplementation."

-- ”Dr. Vincent Pedre, healthy gut expert and author of Happy Gut: The Cleansing Program To Help You Lose Weight, Gain Energy & Eliminate Pain

  1. Bacopa

"Bacopa helps balance neurotransmitters such as dopamine and serotonin, and adds benefits to delayed word recall () for healthy older adults. It decreases forgetting new information, and may even have a positive impact on depression.

-- ”Dr. Elizabeth Lombardo, psychologist and author of Better Than Perfect: 7 Strategies To Crush Your Inner Critic and Create a Life You Love

"Known as the 'natural Adderall' (an ADHD medication), Bacopa monnieri, this Ayurvedic herb has been used in India for centuries for its memory enhancing properties. In a double-blind placebo controlled 6-week trial in second year medical students, it was shown to result in a statistically significant improvement in memory. This may just be what you're looking for to boost your brain power, if you want to stay off side-effect ridden medication. Since there have been no safety studies in pregnancy, it is best to stop bacopa during the first trimester of pregnancy, and consult with your doctor before restarting it."

-- ”Dr. Vincent Pedre, healthy gut expert and author of Happy Gut: The Cleansing Program To Help You Lose Weight, Gain Energy & Eliminate Pain

Article continues below

  1. Omega-3s

"Our brain is a soft-gelatinous structure that is mostly made up of fat. In order to have fluid connections between neurons that allow for easy communication across synapses (the relay stations of neural signaling, numbering at 100 trillion!), you need omega-3 fatty acids to be the primary fat in the cell membrane. If your diet has been rich in trans-fats and hydrogenated oils (many vegetables oils are like this, except for olive oil, avocado oil, and macadamia nut oil, to name a few). Not only do omega-3 supplements in the form of fish oil, assist with that, they are also potent anti-inflammatory agents that help improve the number of neural connections in someone that is facing memory loss. Their healing benefit is most saliently seen when used at high doses to help a person recover from a traumatic brain injury. They promote the growth of new neurons and microvessels, which correlate with improved cognitive recovery."

"In a study appearing in the American Journal of Clinical Medicine, 176 adults with normal memory function and generally poor dietary intakes of DHA were placed on a DHA supplement for six months. Their memory function was evaluated at the beginning of the trial, and at its conclusion. In both males and females, there was a marked increase in memory function comparing those that were given DHA versus those who received a placebo pill.

In another study, published in the journal, Neurology, researchers found that higher levels of DHA actually correlated with a bigger brain!

Why DHA is so powerfully important for the brain likely stems from the fact that it is powerfully anti-inflammatory. Our most dreaded brain degenerative conditions, like Alzheimer's disease, are actually caused by inflammation, so anything we can do to reduce this activity should help protect the brain. I recommend supplementing DHA in a dosage of 800-1200mg daily, depending upon how much cold water fish (a good source of DHA) you are consuming."

-- ”Dr. Perlmutter, most recently author of Brain Maker: The Power of Gut Microbes to Heal and Protect Your Brain for Life

  1. Prebiotic fiber

"Fructo-oligosaccharides (also known as FOS)-- ”this supplement is going to really surprise you, because it is not a brain-specific supplement. It's actually a fermentable dietary fiber that acts as a prebiotic in the gut. Why is this important? Well, you may know about the gut-brain connection, but did you know that a metabolic by-product from your gut flora, butyrate, acts as a histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor? Say what? HDAC is an enzyme that controls the rate of gene expression, by inhibiting it, butyrate promotes cellular protective mechanisms, including the secretion of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), a very important signal to increase the number of neural connections, facilitating learning, short-term and long-term memory. Back to FOS, it feeds a group of bacteria that ferment it into butyrate, this key anti-inflammatory short-chain fatty acid, that enters the circulation, crosses the blood-brain barrier easily, then affects gene expression in the brain. The lesson: you need a happy gut (microbiome) to have a healthy brain."

-- ”Dr. Vincent Pedre, healthy gut expert and author of Happy Gut: The Cleansing Program To Help You Lose Weight, Gain Energy & Eliminate Pain

"How does fiber factor in? As was revealed in a recent report in The Journal of Nutrition, children with the highest dietary fiber consumption demonstrated much greater ability to remain focused on a task. While some foods are higher in prebiotic fiber, like jicama, garlic, and dandelion greens, by and large most people aren't consuming nearly enough of this important nutrient.

We've got to consider prebiotic fiber as an important addition to the list of brain supportive supplements. Powerfully effective prebiotic fiber supplements are widely available at health food stores. Look for non-GMO, organic products made containing acacia and baobab powders. Generally, 2 teaspoons a day is a reasonable dosage for most people."

-- ”Dr. Perlmutter, most recently author of Brain Maker: The Power of Gut Microbes to Heal and Protect Your Brain for Life

  1. Phosphatidyl serine

"Phosphatidyl serine has both amino acids and fatty acids which aid in cellular functioning, espcially the brain, can help treat depression, helps at least short term cognitive functioning in patients with Alzheimer's, helps reduce ADHD symptoms, and improves memory functioning."

-- ”Dr. Elizabeth Lombardo, psychologist and author of Better Than Perfect: 7 Strategies To Crush Your Inner Critic and Create a Life You Love

"Phosphatidylserine (PS) is produced by the body, but we get most of our intake from food. When food isn't enough or we have a greater need for this vital molecule, supplements are another option. it's a key building block for the billions of cells in your brain.

PS improves cognitive function before a bout of exercise so this is a good one to take for regular gym goers for that added boost body and mind. Get your body in shape and boost your memory and mood at the same time. Phosphatidyl serine is critical to the maintenance of all cellular function, especially in the brain."

-- ”Dr. Nigma Talib, gut health expert and author of Younger Skin Starts in the Gut

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  1. Rosemary essential oil (not to be ingested)

One of the simplest ways to increase memory and concentration is to simply inhale the scent of pure, high-quality Rosemary Essential Oil. The terpene levels in this essential oil enter the blood stream and directly affect your body, especially since they can easily pass the blood-brain barrier. These are IMMEDIATE results! Memory can improve up to 75% by simply inhaling Rosemary due to its primary constituent 1,8-Cineole, according to recent studies,. It has the ability to inhibit the enzymes that break down acetylcholine in the brain, allowing more to remain and aid the brain in its function. Rosemary is one of my favorite ways to improve my daily focus without the worry of side effects or putting unnatural substances into my body. You have to be sure that you are using only the highest-quality essential oils, however, for the results to be impactful and that you aren't putting any adulterated substances into your body. Pregnant women should also avoid contact with Rosemary EO as the increased blood flow could cause contractions.

This nootropic ticks all the boxes. Take a look.

If you ask your doctor -- œWhat causes brain fog?,--  the answer will almost certainly be unsatisfactory.

• adrenal fatigue

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• heavy metal toxicity

• hepatitis C

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• hypoglycemia

• irritable bowel syndrome

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• neurodegenerative disorders

• neurotransmitter imbalance

• nutritional deficiency

• rheumatoid arthritis (RA)

• seasonal allergies

• substance abuse

• substance withdrawal

• Learn more -- ”

• How to Minimize Menopause Brain Fog Naturally

Brain Fog Cause #8: Prescription & OTC Medications

Every medication carries some risks.

Brain fog is one of the most commonly reported side effects of prescription and over-the-counter (OTC) medications.

Statin cholesterol-lowering drugs and prescription sleeping pills are notorious for causing memory loss.

An entire group of drugs known as the anticholinergics work by blocking the action of acetylcholine, the brain chemical of memory and learning. (75)

• Learn more -- ”

• Read about prescription medications known to cause cognitive problems in Drugs That Cause Memory Loss (& what you can do).

Typical side effects of anticholinergic drugs include brain fog, forgetfulness, and inability to concentrate. (76)

It's not only prescription medications you have to watch out for.

Many popular over-the-counter (OTC) drugs also work by blocking acetylcholine including Benadryl (for allergies), Pepcid AC (for acid reflux), and Tylenol PM (for pain and insomnia). (77)

Finding Your Personal Brain Fog Solution

As you can see, there are innumerable causes of brain fog.

Finding your personal solution will take some trial and error, but having a clear mind again will make it worth your while!

Here's a checklist to get started.

• Experiment with your diet to see if any specific foods or food additives are to blame. Start with eliminating the most obvious offenders which includes processed foods -- ” the source of sugar, unhealthy fats, and additives -- ” and foods high on the allergy/sensitivity scale.

• Introduce plenty of healthy fats into your diet -- ” nuts, olive oil, coconut oil, avocado, and fatty fish -- ” since they are important nutritional building blocks for a healthy brain.

• Get regular, high-quality sleep. Poor sleep curtails essential brain regeneration.

• Exercise. It increases the flow of blood, oxygen, and nutrients to your brain and can sharpen your thinking in minutes.

• Take proactive measures to reduce stress. Chronic stress often leads to brain fog and a variety of cognitive and mood disorders.

• Take a whole foods multivitamin supplement to fill in any nutritional gaps. This alone can improve brain performance.

• Take an omega-3 supplement. It's widely agreed this is one of the best things you can do for both your overall health and your brain. (78)

• If you suspect you have an underlying medical condition, get a checkup and know for sure.

• If you have a medical condition, do what you can to get it under control.

• If you take any medications known to cause cognitive problems, talk to your doctor about switching or changing dosage. Discuss lifestyle changes that might minimize your need for medication.

Brain Fog: The Bottom Line

Brain fog is a catch-all phrase used to describe feelings of fuzzy thinking, mental confusion, and lack of focus.

Sometimes brain fog is caused by lifestyle factors like diet, stress, or lack of sleep and exercise.

Other times, it's caused by an underlying health condition or as a side effect of a medication.

Be proactive about adopting a brain-healthy lifestyle and managing your health and medications.

Brain Fog, Foggy Head Anxiety Symptoms

Brain fog, foggy head anxiety symptoms description:

Brain fog, foggy head is often described as:

• Your head, mind, and brain feel foggy or like in a fog.

• It feels like you have a foggy head, foggy mind.

• You have difficulty thinking, concentrating, and/or forming thoughts.

• Your thinking feels like it is muddled and impaired.

• Some people describe this symptom as being -- œfoggy-headed--  or having a -- œfoggy head.-- 

• It seems as if your thoughts are illusive, and things that you once knew seem hard to comprehend or recall.

• It feels like your short-term memory isn't as good as it used to be.

• It feels like normal intellectual tasks seem much more difficult.

• You find it hard to focus and concentrate.

• You are more forgetful (forget things that you normally wouldn't).

• You have difficulty focusing on and carrying on conversations.

• Your thoughts seem like in a cloud.

• Your thinking isn't as clear as it normally is.

• Your head feels foggy, clouded, muddled, and 'off.'

Brain fog, foggy head can come and go rarely, occur frequently, or persist indefinitely. For example, you may feel foggy headed once in a while and not that often, feel it off and on, or feel it all the time.

Brain fog, foggy head may precede, accompany, or follow an escalation of other anxiety sensations and symptoms, or occur by itself.

Brain fog, foggy head can precede, accompany, or follow an episode of nervousness, anxiety, fear, and elevated stress, or occur -- ˜out of the blue' and for no apparent reason.

Brain fog, foggy head can range in intensity from slight, to moderate, to severe. It can also come in waves, where it's strong one moment and eases off the next.

Brain fog, foggy head can change from day to day, and/or from moment to moment.

All of the above combinations and variations are common.

What causes brain fog, foggy head?

Because there are many medical conditions that can cause brain fog, it's best to discuss this symptom with your doctor. If your doctor attributes your brain fog, foggy head to anxiety, you can feel assured that there isn't a medical cause.

There are a number of reasons why brain fog and foggy head symptoms occur. Here are five:

  1. An active stress response suppresses the rationalization areas of the brain (the cortex) and increases the areas of the brain reactive to danger (the amygdala and others). This change in brain functioning makes us more aware of danger and increases our reaction to it. While this change is beneficial when in real danger, it can become a problem when the stress response is activated too frequently and/or dramatically, such as when being overly anxious. This change in brain functioning can come across as -- ˜brain fog or foggy head.'
  1. High levels of stress hormones (caused from worry, stress, fear, anger, frustration, and anxiety), because they are stimulants, cause an increase in the electrical activity in the brain. Increased electrical activity in the brain causes the brain to generate an increase in thought generation and at a faster rate. This change can cause our attention to be more easily sidetracked, which can cause split attention and focus making it seem like our thoughts are foggy.
  1. Persistent anxiousness and its stress response consequences can cause persistent brain function changes. As we mentioned in point one, stress hormones suppress the rationalization areas of the brain (the cortex) and increase the activity in the fear center of the brain (the amygdala). This combination reduces the ability to logically rationalize and process information while at the same time increases the awareness of danger, fear, apprehension, gloom and doom - many describe anxiety as a sense of sudden or ongoing foreboding and doom. The more anxious we are, the more persistent these changes become. Persistent anxiousness can cause persistent brain fog and foggy head.
  1. Stress responses also suppress the hippocampus -- “ the learning and memory area of the brain. As the body's stress elevates, the suppression it causes can make it more difficult for the brain to store and retrieve information.
  1. Elevated stress taxes the body's resources harder and faster than normal, causing it to become tired more quickly. When the body becomes tired, it has a harder time functioning normally, including processing, storing, and retrieving information.

As well, studies have shown that the brain tires more quickly than the rest of the body. An exhausted brain loses its ability to think, remember, and reason sooner than the body fatigues. That's why when we're tired, we don't think as well as when we're not tired.

These are just five of the many factors associated with stress (including the stress caused by being anxious) and how it can negatively affect our concentration and short-term memory.

Another consideration is that those who experience entrenched anxiety commonly develop a habit of being internally focused (ruminating about their health, how they feel, the implications of anxiety disorder and how that might affect their future, concerns about their recovery, questions about recovery, what others will think, how their struggle may affect their loved ones, and so on).

When they become internally focused, they are easily distracted by all of their -- œwhat if--  thinking. It's also common for them to become so obsessed with trying to figure out their condition that everything else takes a back seat, including their attention and focus on the external parts of their lives.

Internally focused and -- œwhat if--  thinking can become so habituated and automatic that many sufferers aren't even aware that they are doing it.

Unfortunately when short-term memory and concentration problems occur, many become frightened and think that they may be losing their mind, think that they may be on the verge of a complete mental breakdown, or think that their brain fog is an indication of a serious mental or biological illness. These anxieties can add even more stress to an already stress-response hyperstimulated body.

How to get rid of brain fog, foggy head?

When brain fog and foggy head are caused by an active stress response, calming yourself down and containing your anxious behavior will bring an end to the active stress response. As the active stress response ends, it will bring an end to the stress response changes and their effects, including having brain fog and foggy head.

When brain fog and foggy head are caused by persistently elevated stress (stress-response hyperstimulation), such as that from behaving overly apprehensively (anxiety), working to reduce your body's stress, containing your anxious behavior, and giving your body ample time to respond will bring an end to symptoms of hyperstimulation-- ¦in time. As your body recovers from hyperstimulation, all stress-caused symptoms diminish and eventually subside, including brain fog and foggy head.

Because brain fog is a common symptom of anxiety and persistently elevated stress, it needn't be a cause for concern. It will completely disappear when the body's stress has returned to a healthy level.

Yes, brain fog and foggy head can be uncomfortable and problematic as it pertains to thinking. But, they aren't harmful. Again, brain fog and foggy head are common indications of an overly stressed body. Nothing more. Eliminating your body's overly stressed state will eliminate the brain fog and foggy head symptoms in time.

Unfortunately, there generally aren't any quick-fix cures for this symptom. Eliminating it requires ending an active stress response and/or eliminating your body's overly stressed state. But as with all sensations and symptoms of stress (including the stress caused by behaving overly anxiously), they fully disappear when the body's stress is reduced to a normal level and the body has had sufficient time to recover.

Chapter 4 in the Recovery Support area provides a list of natural and practical ways to reduce stress and give your body what it needs to recover.

Chapter 9 in the Recovery Support area is our -- ˜Symptoms' chapter. It contains every symptom associated with anxiety, along with in depth descriptions, explanations, remedies on how to eliminate them, and the percentage of people who experience each symptom.

The combination of good self-help information and working with an experienced anxiety disorder coach, counselor, or therapist is the most effective way to address anxiety disorder and its many symptoms. Until the core causes of anxiety are addressed - the underlying factors that motivate apprehensive behavior - a struggle with anxiety disorder can return again and again. Identifying and successfully addressing anxiety's underlying factors is the best way to overcome problematic anxiety.

For more information about our Anxiety Counseling option; our Available Anxiety Therapists; to Book An Appointment with one of our anxiety therapists; common Anxiety Signs and Symptoms; common Anxiety Attack Symptoms; the symptoms of panic attack disorder; anxiety Recovery Support area; information about Anxiety; and our Anxiety 101 section; or click on the appropriate link or graphic below:

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As the body ages, one's memory can slowly start to fade and momentary lapses of confused thinking can become more common. This is a natural process but in some cases brain fog and fatigue can be accelerated by certain situations or conditions. Understanding the common causes of brain fatigue is essential for maintaining good health practices that will keep the brain clear-thinking and healthy for as long as possible.

What Is Brain Fog?- 

Brain fog, also commonly known as brain fatigue, can be a mild to severe episode of mental confusion that can strike without warning. When this occurs, it is common to experience a lack of focus, poor memory recall and reduced mental acuity . 

If the underlying causes of the brain fog are not addressed, then the condition can continue to occur to the point that it can negatively affect one's professional and personal life . 

Common Causes of Brain Fog

Brain fog and fatigue can be caused by a range of factors. In all cases, getting to the heart of what causes the brain fog is the key to overcoming this debilitating condition. Common causes of brain fatigue include:- 

Lack of Sleep

-- “ The brain needs sleep in order to recuperate. So, when sleep is regularly interrupted or when one suffers from a sleep disorder, they are more likely to experience brain fog in the morning upon waking. For some, a simple cup of coffee is enough to clear away the fog, but for those who suffer from serious sleep deprivation, the fog can stay for quite some time.

Neurological Disorders

-- “ Certain neurological disorders have brain fog as side effects of the condition. These include fibromyalgia, lupus, chronic fatigue syndrome and multiple sclerosis.

Stress

-- “ Stress is very powerful and it can negatively affect the body in a number of ways, including causing brain fatigue. While this is common during times of severe stress, such as when a loved one passes, normal everyday stress should not cause it. If one starts experiencing brain fog from normal everyday stress, this may be an underlying sign of another problem.

Menopause

-- “ When women go through menopause, they sometimes experience brain fog due to fluctuating hormones. As the hormones become regulated, the symptoms of brain fog tend to disappear.

Diabetes

-- “ Since glucose is the primary source of energy for the brain, fluctuating glucose levels in the blood can cause some short-term brain fatigue symptoms. For this reason, those with diabetes are at high risk for brain fog.

Nutritional Deficiencies

-- “ Strong brain function relies on proper levels of magnesium, vitamin B12, and amino acids in the body. When these nutrients are deficient or the body is dehydrated, brain fog can occur.

Side Effects of Medications

Certain medications, such as those for high blood pressure, pain management and allergy relief, can cause mental confusion as a side effect. This can occur with any type of medication, both prescribed and over-the-counter . 

Brain Fatigue Preventive Measures- 

Brain fatigue is often a controllable condition, if one is able to determine the underlying cause of it. Some activities that may help reduce the episodes of brain fatigue include:

Sleep

-- “ Eight hours of uninterrupted sleep has been shown to provide the best rejuvenating benefits. Try to increase the quality of your sleep to help reduce brain fatigue during the day . 

Quit Smoking and/or Alcohol

-- “ Smoking and alcohol dramatically increase the number of free radicals being produced in the body, and this can play a role in mental confusion and poor brain health. Limiting intake of both will allow your body's antioxidants to start the healing process immediately.

Eat a Healthier Diet

-- “ A diet with plenty of fresh whole foods rich in Omega-3, -6 and -9 fatty acids, magnesium and complex B vitamins will help reduce the episodes of brain fatigue . 

Reduce Stress

-- “ Stress can literally be a killer, so practicing ways to reduce stress in your daily life can be quite helpful. Whether through exercise, meditation or another calming practice, reducing stress will help alleviate brain fog and help you to live a healthier life.

Increase Antioxidant Intake

-- “ Eating a healthy diet naturally increases one's antioxidants, but even this is not always enough to combat the high levels of free radicals in the body. In order to maintain optimum mental clarity, some people supplement their diet with Spirulina . 

Want to learn more? Continue reading through our Brain Health section! The next article is about Brain Exercises

*These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.

If you find yourself constantly feeling fatigued, distracted, moody and just plain -- œoff,--  you're likely dealing with some sort of -- œbrain fog.--  Brain fog has become an unwanted side effect of our fast-paced, industrialized lifestyle. Unfortunately today, many of the convenient-but-processed foods and factory-farmed meats we eat and the various ways we spend our time do not support brain health.

A high percentage of people suffer from nutrient deficiencies, sugar overload, a lack of sleep and high amounts of stress, all of which deplete energy levels. The brain relies on a steady stream of vitamins and minerals, amino acids, essential fatty acids, and glucose from complex carbohydrates, in addition to getting enough rest and relaxation.

Experiencing brain fog? Download our natural treatment guide here.

Luckily, brain fog is considered a reparable condition. Want to regain your sense of clear-headedness, focus and joy? Like nearly all things health-related, it starts with addressing the underlying issues, including your diet, stress levels, sleep and level of physical activity.

Symptoms of Brain Fog

Suffering from brain fog is basically the opposite of feeling level-headed, calm, optimistic and motivated. Brain fog can easily rob you of inspiration and happiness, while increasing the likelihood for symptoms of anxiety and depression. Researchers from the Departments of Physiology and Medicine at New York Medical College Valhalla describe brain fog symptoms as -- œan interaction of physiological, cognitive, and perceptual factors.--  It's likely that brain fog is rooted in a lifestyle that promotes inflammation and hormonal imbalances -- ” and is exacerbated by stress.

Brain fog symptoms usually include:

• low energy or fatigue (including chronic fatigue syndrome)

• irritability

• trouble concentrating

• headaches

• forgetfulness and trouble remembering information

• low motivation, feeling hopeless or mildly depressed

• anxiety

• confusion

• trouble sleeping through the night or insomnia

• difficulty exercising

What Causes Brain Fog?

First and foremost, it's not surprising that if you're not getting enough sleep, you have a higher likelihood of always feeling tired and dealing with brain fog. We all need between about seven to nine hours of quality sleep every night to think clearly -- ” and children and teenagers usually need even more.

If you do consistently get good sleep but still struggle with brain fog symptoms like ongoing fatigue and low motivation, chances are this might have something to do with the quality of your diet. Deficiencies, coupled with sugar, alcohol, refined carbohydrates and caffeine overdose can majorly impact brain function.

A 2013 study printed in the Journal of the Clinical Autonomic Research Society used the Wood Mental Fatigue Inventory test (WMFI) to gather information from 138 subjects suffering from brain fog. The top-ranked descriptors of brain fog were -- œforgetful,--  -- œcloudy,--  and -- œdifficulty focusing, thinking and communicating,--  while the most commonly reported brain fog triggers were fatigue, lack of sleep, prolonged periods of standing, dehydration and feeling faint.

On a cellular level, brain fog is believed to be caused by high levels inflammation and changes to three primary hormones that determine your mood, energy and focus: dopamine, serotonin and cortisol. Cortisol is often called the body's primary -- œstress hormone,--  since it helps keep you awake and alert, while dopamine and serotonin help keep you joyful, motivated and calm.

The brain and entire body rely on a complex symphony of hormones that work to keep one another in check, so when levels of one hormone either falls too low (for example, serotonin drops due to a very low carbohydrate intake) or climbs too high (cortisol increases due to stressful events over money), the whole system can be thrown off. Rebalancing your production of these chemicals helps put you on the right track for better brain function.

The other factor that increase brain fog symptoms and robs you of your usual personality -- œspark--  is, unsurprisingly, inflammation, which is at the root of most diseases. Inflammation is caused by low-grade overactivity of the immune system and is tied to mental disorders like depression, Alzhemier's disease, dementia and insomnia. One theory behind the underlying reason for brain fog symptoms is that higher levels of inflammatory molecules, including adipocytokines and histamines, stimulate microglia activation.

Microglia activation is commonly found in brains of children with autism as well as in other psychiatric diseases and is related to corticotropin-releasing hormone that seems highly tied to mental disorder development. According to a 2015 report published in Frontiers in Neuroscience, people most likely to suffer from brain fog include those dealing with chronic fatigue syndrome; autism spectrum disorders; celiac disease, gluten intolerance symptoms or other food allergies; fibromyalgia symptoms; mastocytosis; Alzheimer's disease; and other neuropsychiatric disorders.

The good news is that anti-inflammatory foods support brain health, and high intakes of vitamins and minerals have been shown to benefit people's moods and mental capabilities.

Brain fog symptoms & causes - Dr. Axe

7 Natural Ways to End Brain Fog

  1. Watch Your Sugar Intake but Eat Enough Healthy Carbs

Cutting back on packaged and processed foods that are loaded with sugar, in addition to many other artificial and harmful ingredients -- ” like artificial sweeteners -- ” is the first step to fixing brain fog. Sugar might make you feel energetic and happier at first, but ultimately your sugar addiction robs you of steady energy and focus. That being said, going too low in terms of natural sugar/carbohydrate intake can backfire and increase brain fog. While refined sugar raises inflammation, quality carbs from things like fruits and veggies do the opposite.

Serotonin is the hormone that's released when you need carbohydrates, and its main role is to keep you calm, hopeful and confident. When levels of serotonin fall too low (perhaps from a very low-carb diet), increases in feelings of vulnerability, insecurity, sadness and anxiety can set in. What's the best way to keep serotonin levels within their optimum range? Eat complex, unprocessed carbohydrates throughout the day in appropriate quantities. Focus on filling up on brain foods that improve focus and memory -- ” things like sweet potatoes, yams, fruit, raw dairy and ancient grains are all good sources of serotonin-boosting carbs.

Another reason to cut down on inflammatory carbs and sugary products? Relying on processed foods to keep your energy up can lead to long-term health problems -- ” like a higher likelihood for dealing with diabetes, weight gain, depression, Alzheimer's disease or dementia. Research shows that consuming plenty of fruit and starchy/non-starchy veggies realigns hormones and also reduces inflammation; in fact, studies suggest that increasing more of them makes people generally happier!

While veggies provide less glucose, they are chock-full of antioxidants and vitamins that fight oxidative stress and brain damage. For example, flavonoid antioxidant foods show promise for managing symptoms of various anxiety disorders, neuropsychiatric and neurodegenerative diseases.

  1. Get Enough Protein and Healthy Fats

We all require a steady supply of amino acids and essential fatty acids in order to make all of the brain chemicals we need to think clearly. Protein deficiency is caused a lack in certain amino acids, specifically the kinds that are called -- œessential amino acids,--  because the body cannot make them on its own. Complete proteins are food sources like meat, dairy products, fish and eggs that supply all the essential amino acids we require, and these are the best way to keep the brain pumping out enough of the hormones that support a positive mind-set.

At the same time, we also need plenty of healthy fats to produce adequate happiness hormones and fight inflammation. Similarly to low-carb diets, low-fat diets pose risks too. Higher inflammation levels are partially caused by imbalances in fatty acids and linked to depression, cognitive decline, weight gain and many other disorders. Unfortunately, the standard American diet is filled with pro-inflammatory omega-6 fats from foods like refined vegetable oils and farm-raised animal products, but is low in anti-inflammatory omega-3 fatty acids from things like wild-caught fish, grass-fed eggs or beef, and certain nuts/seeds.

Wile it varies a bit from person to person, making about 20 percent to 30 percent of your food intake quality sources of protein (grass-fed beef, cage-free eggs, pasture-raised poultry and wild fish, for example) and about 30 percent to 40 percent healthy fats (including coconut and olive oil, avocado, and nuts/seeds) is the best way to ensure you cover your bases and help manage inflammation.

  1. Manage Stress

These days, it's tough to go more than a few hours without an influx of -- œstressors--  like emails, texts and cell phone calls. This becomes distracting, tiring and makes it hard to work uninterrupted for any extended period of time. Although you might not realize it, it's also stressful to receive various alerts and so much information all day long.

High amounts of stress increase the production of cortisol, which has side effects including feeling -- œwired but tired,--  weight gain, suffering hormonal imbalances, sexual dysfunction, insomnia, depression, and further anxiety. In modern-day society, to keep cortisol in check, most people need to regularly put aside time for practicing -- œstress-reducing techniques,--  particularly since chronic stress can kill your quality of life. These can include praying, meditating, exercising, journaling, reading and spending more time in nature.

You can also combat stress by regularly doing things that you love, which increases the brain's production of the -- œhappy hormone--  dopamine. Dopamine is the primary chemical that makes you feel pleasure, excitement and motivation. It's released every time you do or experience something thrilling, like trying a new fun activity, laughing out loud, spending time with people you love or engaging in hobbies. A lack of dopamine leaves you unfocused, bored and uninspired, not to mention it's associated with a higher risk for addictions, learning disabilities and mental illnesses. Make it a priority to do something fun every day if you can, even if it's only for a short period of time.

  1. Get Good Sleep

One of the fastest and more reliable ways to improve brain function is to get better sleep. The hormones in your brain stay in balance when your body gets adequate rest every night, at least seven hours for most adults. When you're constantly -- œrunning on fumes,--  your'e very likely to find it hard to pay attention at work, engage in meaningful conversations and retain information. You're also better able to manage your hunger, food cravings and emotions when well-rested, which can benefit your weight and health in multiple ways.

Brain fog is also kicked off by a lack of sleep because this raises cortisol levels, which means you can become more irritable and, ironically, might find it even harder to get good rest through the night. High cortisol depresses dopamine levels and makes it difficult for serotonin to work like it's supposed to, so it feeds into a vicious cycle of poor moods and behaviors.

Brain fog treatments - Dr. Axe

  1. Exercise in a Healthy Way

Exercise lowers inflammation, helps bust stress and increase energy levels, but too much poses risks for hormonal imbalance and even more fatigue. For most people, moderate and regular exercise can help balance hormones, improve insulin resistance and help you to get better sleep, all of which are important for fighting fatigue. Exercise releases natural endorphins, boosting your stamina and lifting your mood. But at the same time, overexerting yourself without enough rest increases cortisol and depletes the body of electrolytes, nutrients and energy. That's why it's vital to get the appropriate amount of rest between workouts.

Symptoms of brain fog from overtraining are your body's way of letting you know that enough's enough -- ” the total amount of stress is exceeding your capacity and wearing you out. The type of exercise you do should make you happier and more energetic, not the opposite! To avoid overtraining but still get all the benefits of exercise, make sure you take at least one to two rest days weekly and avoid -- œforcing--  yourself to do any exercise you absolutely hate, like overly long cardio sessions, for example . 

  1. Consider If You Have a Hormonal Imbalance

Low thyroid function, adrenal insufficiency and chronic fatigue syndrome can all increase symptoms of brain fog. These hormonal imbalances are mostly caused by the same factors as inflammation: a poor diet, possible sensitivities and allergies, stress, and not enough rest.

In order to regain your energy and solve underlying adrenal or hormonal issues, adjust your diet to balance hormones naturally and also aim to cut back or eliminate caffeine, alcohol and excess sugar or -- œwhite carbohydrates.--  In addition to avoiding inflammatory hydrogenated oils, along with processed and packaged foods, these substances further drain you and leave you overly tired. For example, alcohol can suppress the central nervous system while too much caffeine can stress the adrenals. Instead, fill up on hormone-balancing healthy fats, proteins and plenty of fresh vegetables while giving yourself enough rest.

  1. Address Any Unknown Food Allergies or Sensitivities

When people suffer from a food sensitivity but don't cut out all sources from their diets, they experience gut-related damage that affects brain function. Despite what most people think, food-related reactions like the symptoms of lactose intolerance are more than just digestive problems.

These can cause significant changes in the gut microbiota -- ” which is problematic because your overall health depends heavily on the health of your gut. An allergy triggers inflammatory reactions, which affect everything from nutrient absorption to hormone-synthesizing. Nearly every cell, tissue and system in the body, especially the gut-brain connection, suffers from an unresolved sensitivity, so consider an elimination diet if you haven't yet experimented with going gluten-free and conventional-dairy-free (meaning avoiding non-organic, pasteurized dairy).

You can also try these food allergies natural treatments to help eliminate brain fog.

Supplements to Help Stop Brain Fog

Certain supplements can help clear up brain fog and get the wheels in motion when it comes to a healthy lifestyle. That being said, there's no substitute for a healthy diet, regular rest, exercise, and a fun and connected lifestyle. The bottom line is that if your brain's major hormones are off, all the supplements, self-help books and even therapy likely won't make you feel better. So first, tackle the lifestyle changes mentioned above that apply most to you, then consider adding in certain supplements to further speed up the healing process.

• Adaptogens like holy basil, maca and ashwagandha -ˆ’ Adaptogen herbs help lower cortisol and give your body support against dealing with fatigue and stress.

• Omega-3 fish oils -- ” Effective at helping lower inflammation, omega-3s balance the ratio of fatty acids in your diet and support brain health.

• B vitamins -- ” Deficiencies in various B vitamins can leave you feeling sluggish and moody. B vitamins help convert nutrients from the foods you eat into usable fuel for the body, so taking a B complex supplement can make sure you're in the optimal range.

Also keep in mind that certain medications can lead to brain fog, including antidepressants, stimulants, sleep aids, antipsychotics and even blood pressure medications. There's speculation that many medications increase brain inflammation and impair hormone function. If you regularly take any prescriptions and have noticed changes in your mood and energy, talk to your doctor about what you can do to minimize brain fog symptoms.

Read Next: Ginseng Lowers Stress & Raises Brain Function

From the sound of it, you might think leaky gut only affects the digestive system, but in reality it can affect more. Because Leaky Gut is so common, and such an enigma, I'm offering a free webinar on all things leaky gut. Click here to learn more about the webinar.

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What are Brainwaves?

  • At the root of all our thoughts, emotions and behaviours is the communicationbetween neurons within our brains. Brainwaves areproduced by synchronised electrical pulsesfrom masses of neurons communicating with each other.Brainwaves are detected using sensors placed on the scalp. They are divided into bandwidths to describe their functions (below), but are best thought of as a continuous spectrum of consciousness; from slow, loud and functional - to fast, subtle, and complex.
    It is a handy analogy to think of brainwaves as musical notes - the low frequency waves are like a deeply penetrating drum beat, while the higher frequency brainwaves are more like a subtle high pitched flute. Like a symphony, the higher and lower frequencies link and cohere with each other through harmonics.
    Our brainwaves change according to what we're doing and feeling. When slower brainwaves are dominant we can feel tired, slow, sluggish, or dreamy. The higher frequencies aredominant whenwe feel wired, or hyper-alert.
    The descriptions that follow are only broad descriptions - in practice things are far more complex, and brainwaves reflect different aspects when they occur in different locations in the brain.
    Brainwave speed is measured in Hertz (cycles per second) andthey are divided into bands delineating slow, moderate, and fast waves.
    INFRA-LOW (<.5HZ)
    Infra-Low brainwaves (also known as Slow Cortical Potentials), are thought to be the basic cortical rythms that underlie our higher brain functions.Very little is known about infra-low brainwaves. Their slow nature make them difficult to detect and accurately measure, so few studies have been done.They appear to take a major role in brain timing and network function.
    Delta waves (.5 to 3 Hz)
    Delta brainwaves are slow, loud brainwaves (low frequency and deeply penetrating, like a drum beat). They are generated in deepest meditation and dreamless sleep. Delta waves suspend external awareness and are the source of empathy. Healing and regeneration are stimulated in this state, and that is why deep restorative sleep is so essential to the healing process.
    Theta waves (3 to 8 Hz)
    Theta brainwaves occur most often in sleep but are also dominant in deep meditation. Theta is our gateway to learning, memory, and intuition. In theta, our senses are withdrawn from the external world and focused on signals originating from within. It is that twilight state which we normally only experience fleetingly as we wake or drift off to sleep. In theta we are in a dream; vivid imagery, intuition and information beyond our normal conscious awareness. It's where we hold our -- ˜stuff', our fears, troubled history, and nightmares.
    Alpha waves (8 to 12 Hz)
    Alpha brainwaves are dominant during quietly flowing thoughts, and in some meditative states. Alpha is -- ˜the power of now', being here, in the present. Alpha is the resting state for the brain. Alpha waves aid overall mental coordination, calmness, alertness, mind/body integration and learning.
    Beta waves (12 to 38 Hz)
    Beta brainwaves dominate our normal waking state of consciousness when attention is directed towards cognitive tasks and the outside world. Beta is a -- ˜fast' activity, present when we are alert, attentive, engaged in problem solving, judgment, decision making, or focused mental activity.
    Beta brainwaves are further divided into three bands; Lo-Beta (Beta1, 12-15Hz) can be thought of as a 'fast idle', or musing. Beta (Beta2, 15-22Hz) is high engagement or actively figuring something out. Hi-Beta (Beta3, 22-38Hz) is highly complex thought, integrating new experiences, high anxiety, or excitement. Continual high frequency processing is not a very efficient way to run the brain, as it takes a tremendous amount of energy.
    Gamma waves (38 to 42 Hz)
    Gamma brainwaves are the fastest of brain waves (high frequency, like a flute), and relate to simultaneous processing of information from different brain areas. Gamma brainwaves pass information rapidly and quietly. Themost subtle of the brainwave frequencies, the mind has to be quiet to access gamma.
    Gammawas dismissed as 'spare brain noise' until researchers discovered it washighly active when in states of universal love, altruism, and the -- ˜higher virtues'. Gamma is also above the frequency of neuronal firing, sohow it is generated remainsa mystery.It is speculated that gamma rhythms modulate perception and consciousness, and that a greaterpresence of gamma relates to expanded consciousness and spiritual emergence.
    What brainwaves mean to you
    Our brainwave profileandour daily experience ofthe worldare inseparable. When our brainwaves are out of balance, there will be corresponding problems in ouremotional orneuro-physicalhealth. Research has identified brainwave patterns associated with all sorts of emotional and neurological conditions
    Over-arousal in certain brain areas is linked with anxiety disorders, sleep problems, nightmares, hyper-vigilance, impulsive behaviour, anger/aggression, agitated depression, chronic nerve pain and spasticity. Under-arousal in certain brain areas leads to some types of depression, attention deficit, chronic pain and insomnia. A combination of under-arousal and over-arousal is seen in cases of anxiety, depression and ADHD.
    Instabilities in brain rhythms correlate with tics, obsessive-compulsive disorder, aggressive behaviour, rage, bruxism, panic attacks, bipolar disorder, migraines, narcolepsy, epilepsy, sleep apnea, vertigo, tinnitus, anorexia/bulimia, PMT, diabetes, hypoglycaemia and explosive behaviour.
    Altering your brainwaves
    By rule of thumb, any process that changes your perception changes your brainwaves.
    Chemical interventions such as medications or recreational drugs are the most common methods to alter brain function; however brainwave training is our method of choice.
    Over the long term, traditional eastern methods (such as meditation and yoga) train your brainwaves into balance. Of the newer methods, brainwave entrainment is an easy, low-cost method to temporarily alter your brainwave state.If you are trying to solve a particular difficulty or fine-tune your brainwave function, state-of-the-art brain training methods like neurofeedback and pEMF deliver targeted, quick, and lasting results.
    Different Types Of Brain Waves And Their Benefits
    Different Types Of Brain Waves

    • Beta waves improves concentration
    • Alpha alleviates stress
    • Theta and delta releases beneficial hormones
    • Gamma produces high level of intelligence
  • Beta waves are responsible for the fight-flight response. Alpha waves help reduce anxiety, chronic pain and increase athletic performance. Theta waves help improve physical healing and reduce mental fatigue. Delta waves help increase Human Growth Hormone that maintains skin and bone density. Gamma waves help build high intelligence levels and compassion.
    Our brain is made up of billions of brain cells called neurons. The combination of neurons sending signals at once, produces an enormous amount of electrical activity in the brain. These synchronized electrical pulses from masses of neurons communicating with each other produces -- ˜Brainwaves'. Brainwave speed is measured in Hertz (cycles per second) and they are divided into bands describing slow, moderate and fast waves.
    Brainwaves are generally broken down into five main frequencies: Beta waves, Alpha waves, Theta waves, Delta waves and Gamma waves. Not only do brainwaves vary in frequency (waves occurring within a period oftime), theyalso vary in amplitude (the depth and height of each wave).

    • Alpha WavesWith a frequency range from 8hz -- “ 12hz, Alpha is emitted when we are in a state of physical and mental relaxation (awake, but not processing much information). Studies show that Alpha states significantly increase beta-endorphin, noroepinephrine and dopamine.
  • These naturally occurring chemicals are linked to feelings of expanded mental clarity and generate an internal environment for new learning and accessing previously learned information.
    2. TheBetaWaves
    This is the brainwave for the fight-flight response.With a frequency range from 12hz -- “ 27hz, beta waves are emitted when we are consciously alert or we feel agitated, tense and afraid. Many people lack sufficient beta activity, which can cause mental or emotional disorders such as depression and insomnia.
    Benefits Of Beta Waves

    • This is the brainwave responsible for the fight-flight response . 
    • Improves concentration and alertness . 
    • Improved logic, reasoning and critical thinking . 
  • 3. Theta Brain Waves
    Present in a frequency range from 3hz -- “ 8hz, these waves offer a state of somnolence with reduced consciousness, light sleep or extreme relaxation. Theta is also a very receptive mental state that has proven useful for hypnotherapy as well as self-hypnosis using recorded affirmations and suggestions.
    Benefits Of Theta Brainwaves

    • Improved physical healing- 
    • Sleep onset and more restful sleep- 
    • Release beneficial hormones related to health and longevity- 
    • Reduce mental fatigue- 
    • Reduction of anxiety and stress- 
    • Delta Brain Waves
  • Delta Brain waves are present with a frequency range from 0.2hz -- “ 3hz . Delta waves are emitted during deep and during dreamless sleep when there is unconsciousness. Delta is the slowest band of brainwaves. You do not dream in this state and are completely unconscious.
    Benefits Of Delta Brainwaves

    • The delta state releases anti-aging hormones, including melatonin and DHEA . 
    • Human growth hormone (HGH) is another anti-aging hormone that is increased when delta brainwaves are occurring inside the brain, due to the stimulation of the pituitary gland. HGH maintains the skin, bone density, cartilage, joints and can also help heal physical pain . 
  • 5. Gamma Brain Waves
    With a frequency range from 27 Hz and up, gamma is associated with the formation of ideas, language, memory processing and various types of learning. Gamma waves have been shown to disappear during deep sleep induced by anesthesia, but return with the transition back to a wakeful state.
    Benefits of Gamma Brainwaves

    • Having high levels of intelligence- 
    • Being compassionate- 
    • Having high amounts of self-control- 
    • Having greater than average feelings of natural happiness- 
    • Increased awareness through your five senses- 
  • What Happens When Brain Waves Are Out Of Balance?
    When our brainwaves are out of balance, there will be corresponding problems in our emotional or neuro-physical health. Research has identified brainwave patterns associated with all sorts of emotional and neurological conditions. Over-arousal in certain brain areas is linked with anxiety disorders, sleep problems, nightmares, agitated depression, chronic nerve pain and spasticity.
    Under-arousal in certain brain areas leads to some types of depression, attention deficit, chronic pain and insomnia. While instabilities in brain rhythms correlate with obsessive-compulsive disorder, aggressive behavior, rage, panic attacks, bipolar disorder, anorexia/bulimia, diabetes, hypoglycemia and explosive behavior.
    Understanding The Benefits Of Altering Your Brainwaves
    Research has shown that although one brainwave state may predominate at any given time, depending on the activity level of the individual, the remaining four brain states are present in the mix of brainwaves at all times.
    Knowledge of brainwave states enhances a person's ability to make use of the specialized characteristics of those states: these include being mentally productive across a wide range of activities, such as being intensely focused, relaxed, creative and in restful sleep.
    You can thus train your brain to change brainwaves by learning meditation and relaxation techniques.7

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    Holistic Natural Health Practice located in the heart of Los AngelesCA, and servicing all of Los Angeles Metro area. Dr. Kwang is a Los Angeles Natural Health Doctor for Candida servicing Van Nuys, Los Feliz, Hollywood, Burbank, Silver Lake, Woodland Hills, Sherman Oaks, Valley Village, Sunland, Sun Valley, Tujunga, west hollywood,Glendale CA,Northridge, Encino, Sherman Oaks, Tarzana, Studio City, Los Feliz, Silver Lake, Pasadena, Highland Park, Mount Washington, Eagle Rock, Glendale, South Pasadena, Altadena, Atwater Village, Arcadia, Hollywood Hills and Burbank. We also service the world.

    I can't eat, I had so many test done. It's ridiculous! I was still feeling sick, nauseous, everyday, tired everyday, headaches everyday. Like something is wrong. I can't eat a regular salad for some reason my stomach starts to burn. But, I want to be healthy first. I don't wish this on anybody. This has been like the worse couple of months for me. I had several health problems which was Oh taking the flu shot. Negatively my body reacted. White tongue. I had yellow nails. Extreme fatigue. I want to stay in bed for 15-20 hours. I had no appetite, but I was gaining weight. I felt bloated, digestive problems. Night sweats cannot sleep for anything. Everyday wake up in full sweat. You don't understand I Feel Great! My life has completely changed. You know just these past few weeks and I am just really grateful for Dr. Kwang and his team. Why did you come to see Dr. Kwang? I had several health problems uh which it was taking the flu shots. Negatively my body reacted it was. I had white tongue. I had yellow nails. I had extreme fatigue. I wanted to stay in bed for 15 - 20 hours. I had no appetite, but I was gaining weight. I was bloated, digestive problems, memory fog, extreme memory fog. Like you talk to me like you are talking to me now and three seconds later I'll say -- œWhat did you say?''. I had vision problems, very blurred vision and night sweats cannot sleep for anything. Everyday wake up in a full sweat. Oh, chronic pain in a lot of pain, joint pain, headaches, every single day. Nausea and vomiting every single day. My skin started to change, I had light patches all over my face. A lot of skin discoloration. What have you tried before to handle your health problems? I tried Western Medicine. Doctors ran about 50 different test on me and all the test from ultra testings to upper endoscopy. Everything came back normal, but something was still wrong. I was vomiting every single day. How is the problem now? Wonderful!! My nails are fine and my tongue is fine. My face is fine. My skin is fine. My energy is great. Memories is great. Vision is getting better every single day. I can work out now like I want to. I'm fine and I feel great. What can you do now that you couldn't do before? Before, the program I couldn't work out. I was training for a fitness competition and I had to stop completely and training for my competition. I couldn't lift any weights. I had absolutely no energy. Every day I was feeling like I was passing out. So, I couldn't go to the gym and work out. I had a hard time working. I couldn't see certain things I couldn't read a basic menu from a restaurant. Now, I can sleep very well at night now. No more night sweats. What could you say to someone with similar heath problems about Dr. Kwang's program? Go see Dr. Kwang please! He's a miracle worker. I really do appreciate the wisdom and the guidance that he has provided me. It's made a world of difference in my life. If someone has a similar problem you know as myself previously I would definitely recommended them to see Dr. Kwang. Just let them know that it's a process healing. Healing is a process trust the process that he has placed you in and you will see definite results. You don't understand. I feel great! My life has completely changed these past six weeks. 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